Introduction: Language development is the most complex and most remarkable achievement of our species. Understanding the specificity of perceptual skills in infancy and their contribution to subsequent cognitive, language, perceptual and motor development is the broad aim of this axis. At birth, infants exhibit a listening bias for affectively positive vocalizations, whether speech or music, which facilitates learning in these domains. Later in the developmental process, skill at discriminating, remembering, and producing sound patterns such as the intonation patterns of speech or the melodies of music are acquired. The research focuses on understanding the developmental processes of all aspects of language (i.e., syntax, semantics, morphology, phonology, pragmatics and discourse) across multiple learner populations, especially in bilingual and second/foreign language learners throughout the life span. In the areas of music development and processing, it has been demonstrated that age of acquisition has an effect on brain structure and similar questions are being addressed related to bilingualism. A focus on brain signatures of ‘nativeness’ in second language acquisition have natural counterparts in the development of musical abilities focusing attention on issues related to presence, absence or differences in critical periods for language and music skill development.
Keyword: Music and Brain, Music and memory aid, Involuntary mental rehearsal, Music and Early Developments, Infant and pre-infant developments, Pre and primary school developments, Physiological response to music, Music and Language, Defining Music, The music of speech, Close connections, Music and Language Acquisition, Music and early language acquisition, Music and aspects of language acquisition, Music in Teaching Methods, Brief review of music-based Educational methods, Orff Schulwerk, Gordon’s Music Learning Theory, World Music Pedagogy, Conversational Solfège, Simply Music, Popular Music Pedagogy, MMCP, Music-based language teaching methods, Suggestopedia, Audio-Singual Method, Singing Grammar, Total Immersion Program