The Corpus-based Survey of Sociolinguistic Issues in Iran

عنوان کتاب:

The Corpus-based Survey of Sociolinguistic Issues in Iran

نویسندگان: دکتر محمد صابر خاقانی نژاد
ناشر: انتشارات کتیبه نوین
قطع کتاب: وزیری
شابک: ۹۷۸-۶۰۰-۸۲۰۵-۰۶-۷
تعداد صفحه: ۹۲



Introduction:  When language is considered as a formal system that can be profitably studied independently from the people who use it, one has entered the era of “formal” linguistics. People use the term “formal” because such investigation revolves around constructing formal models that allow us to understand how various sub-parts or modules of the linguistic grammar function. These sub-parts or modules consist of the areas that we have been studying as phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics. There is, however, a lot more to understanding “language” than focusing on these theoretical issues; more than what we can gain about how language works by studying its formal properties, we must also realize language as an entity which should be studied in association with human beings. It is not an external phenomenon to human beings, but rather, something that makes up a part of who we are. “Sociolinguistics” is the branch of knowledge which studies the social aspects of language, including how the use and norms of language vary from one speaker or society to another and the way in which attitudes influence perceptions of the characteristics and abilities of speakers. These attitudes are clearly social in origin. Americans, for example, do not find the accent of the West Midlands of England ugly, as many British people do, which has much to do with the fact that they do not recognize these accents as being from the West Midlands.

Keyword: Gender Issues, Education Issues, Social Class Issues, Age Issues

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